To say flu or cold, the dean will answer
Recently, the Minister of Health and Social Welfare, Chen Shizhong, was concerned about the recent flu-related incident in the city's unified hospital in Taipei and the county hospital, and Professor Zhang Shangyu, Taipei County Commander for Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Director Zhou Zhihao from the Agency for Illness Control and Director Huang Shijie The president of the Taipei City Hospital, Huang Shengjian and others visited the location.
So far, there have been a total of 15 cases involving 2 serious deaths, and there have been no new cases since January 25, indicating that the epidemic was effectively controlled. The Department of Disease Control and the City Health Service in Taipei will continue to track and monitor 81 related contact incidents by February 2.
In the season when the most complex flu, faced with the most common threat to personal health, the public knows about it, and the preventive medical institution specifically responds to the public's questions about the flu.
Chen Jianzhi, dean Chuangjian preventative medicineIt is said that the official name of the cold is acute upper respiratory tract infection, and it is estimated that there are more than two hundred types of viruses that can cause the general cold. Flu is an infection caused by a "flu virus" because it is both easy to cause nasal, throat and bronchial inflammation, and even medical personnel are often unable to distinguish completely.
Chen Jianzhi pointed out that a common cold is usually restricted to the nasal cavity and throat (upper respiratory tract), causing headache, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, cough, etc. There are rarely complications of middle ear inflammation, bronchitis, vocal cardiotisation, high temperature or inflammation of the lungs.
Inflammation is more systematic, initially showing fever, temperature, burns and pain in the muscles of the body, after which symptoms may occur such as throat, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, cough, gastrointestinal discomfort, severe cases may have complications such as lung inflammation, encephalitis and myocarditis. .
The following is a commonly used preventive medical institution that solves common questions and answers to the flu problem
Why are winter and cold particularly good?
In fact, there are too many viruses that cause the cold, almost throughout the year, and low temperature alone is not a cause of colds or flu.
The habit that the virus feels is usually that the heat is not afraid of cold, and it is more active in the environment with low temperatures, so that, under cold temperatures, the case of flu will greatly increase in winter. In addition, people often remain indoors in order to avoid the cold in winter, which is more clumsy and denser, the more frequent contact between people, the virus spreading more easily, and the occurrence of colds and flu is particularly high in winter.
How to Avoid Cold or Flu Your Family?
How to avoid the situation "one person catches the cold, the family falls", the most important need for personal hygiene.
Since staines and sneezes are infectious, toilet paper, holes, facial tissues or sleeves should be used at any time to catch the virus in the droplets.
The safest way to do this is to wear the mask and try to keep your baby's safety distance more than one meter (avoiding droplets). Do not forget that any used toilet paper, facial tissue or mask covered with a virus is and should be discarded as soon as possible . In garbage cans and often wash your hands to avoid family members accidentally touching dishes, utensils, table or children's toys contaminated by viruses.
How to prevent cold or flu?
Balanced nutrition and regular exercise are the only ways to develop proper physical resistance, and hand wash, mask wearing and injection of a flu vaccine are three magic weapons that prevent viral infections.
The hand is the most accessible channel for the human body, often unconsciously touching tables, chairs, grips, daily necessities etc. What the patient touched and unintentionally created many possibilities for contact with the virus. If you can develop the habit of washing your hands, it will naturally reduce your chances of contact with the infection.
In a crowded environment, the virus can be transmitted by air or droplets, and the mask is the best shield. Do not forget to wash your hands immediately after removing the mask because the mask is for a while, it is difficult to keep the surface from virus infection, wash your hands immediately to avoid the possibility of infection.
Although the protection of the flu vaccine is still limited (official statements are 70% to 90% for healthy adults and 50% to 60% for the elderly), but it is better than without influencing the flu. This is guaranteed. Therefore, with a few people who are not fit for physical fitness, they stimulate flu vaccination every year.
What do you need to pay attention to when you are cold or if you have a flu?
Most flu or flu, during the toughest days or weeks, will not cure after the immune mobilization of the body succeeds. Whether it's a prescription or a drug, it can not change the course of the disease, but it can usually reduce the discomfort caused by fever, pain, clogged nose, thick drowsiness, etc.
In addition, adequate rest and water supplements can help alleviate or avoid worsening symptoms. Regardless of the nasal cavity, mouth, throat … The entire respiratory tract is covered with mucosal epithelium, and too dry environment does not contribute to normal mucosal protection, and it is easy to worsen symptoms such as throat, cough and viscous sputum inflammation. It is recommended to add hot boiled water, pure soups, tea and other drinks, but coffee, alcoholic beverages, sweet drinks, sweets, salted, fried and fatty foods are prone to dehydration, dry mouth or spraying. Try to avoid it.