The Chinese president has called for technology to undergo strong competition with the United States, but experts believe that Beijing's late launch on the technical track and the lack of necessary capabilities can make that task impossible.
There is no doubt that China has made a significant transformation, from a poor and poor country, torn by hunger and political turbulence to society with advanced means of communication, increasingly dependent on renewable energy sources, and a space exploration study for space and high-speed trains.
But a closer look reveals that China, despite contributing to the synthesis of the components of foreign technology and turning it into commercially successful home-based products, continues to face its ability to innovate with serious obstacles, according to technology specialists.
Semiconductors are, for example, building blocks of global digital structures.
The Chinese government has devoted enormous money to locally develop its own semiconductors and chip design, but failed to fill the void with its US, Japanese, and South Korean competitors.
Gabriel Chu, the head of the Asian semiconductor global trade statistics, said the position of China "is like someone who can make large designs from lego parts but does not know how to make lego pieces." Its group includes semiconductor companies.
"China has managed to dominate sales markets, such as mobile phone markets or other consumer products, but semiconductors require many basic scientific skills," says Zhou.
The risks are now clear after Washington moved to Huawei, China's giant giant smartphones and smartphones last week, forbidding sales of key US chips and other technologies.
The ban caused concern about the company's future, which led many Huawei partners around the world to leave it in a clear demonstration of US technology superiority.
President Xi Jinping issued a warning this week, calling for reliance on "basic techniques" and saying that China passed a "long march" against foreign competitors, referring to the current myth about the strategic withdrawal of the communist revolutionaries 1934-1935.
But Paul Trillo, the head of the Department of Geological Technology in Eurasia, says access to the state is a bad idea. He said the world's leading technology companies had their position thanks to an open competition that forced them to develop better products and attract the best talent and human talent.
Its presence in the global technological business environment has prompted them to constantly adapt their products to the emerging market needs to stay ahead or fail.
"It is very difficult to separate ourselves from foreign suppliers in such a market-oriented sector where it must be at the forefront, and that avant-garde is constantly changing and moving forward," Trillo said. The idea of independence at the national level goes backward.
Different countries have been highlighted in various areas and have focused on their core competences for survival, which has led to the emergence of a complex and interconnected global supply chain that we know today.
"The United States has great domination, but there are other great players," he said, "China simply can not be a special island and rebuild an integrated, globalized environmental system at home." To reduce dependence on others, you will need to adopt a different model from the rest of the world. It's not something that can be replaced in the short term. "
The Chinese Deputy Minister told reporters in Beijing on Friday that the government would increase its support for innovation and investment in technology and "enable the market to play a key role".
However, the comments also confirmed the critical role of the state.
– Lack of software –
The software is another obvious weakness.
Like in the rest of the world, China does not have a viable alternative to personal computing systems designed by Microsoft and Apple, and two Android owned by Google and IOS owned by Apple.
American companies also dominate the software used by Chinese companies.
The United States accuses Huawei of having to do with the Chinese military and fears that setting up communications networks around the world could endanger sensitive data. Huawei denies the charges.
But Chinese software disadvantages make Huawei weak and vulnerable even on those global networks where the company relies heavily on American software to run them.
"The database must be very strong and no company in China can design that database software," Trillo said.
However, China can be a major player in new generation technologies such as artificial intelligence, non-motorized cars and automated production.
The Shi government has identified these technologies as the goal of the country's future development, and its program is partially responsible for US pressure on China in the technology field.
"We believe China is in a leading position to become a more influential player in technologies that will make a worldwide breakthrough," said Kenny Liu, a technology analyst at Fitch Solutions.
He added that the technology competition between the United States and China "would positively contribute to the development of the global technological landscape".