Make a barrel to collect the roof water
1Make sure the rain barrels are legal in your area before starting. Rain barrels and rainfall collection are generally illegal in some areas due to restrictions on water rights. Before starting to build your collection system, search online or contact your local government to see if it is legal in your area.
In the United States, almost all states allow the collection of water and some even encourage it. However, in states like Nevada, rainwater collection with rain barrels is illegal without water rights.
2Drill a hole near the bottom of a large plastic trash bin. Use a hand drill to carefully drill a hole on the side of the garbage can, about 5 inches (13 cm) from the bottom. This hole will be used for your tap, so make sure you use a bit that is slightly smaller or the same size as the pin.
- You will use this hole for the extraction of water from the barrel, so make sure it is not so low that you can not put it under a bucket or watering can.
- If you do not want to make a barrel of water, you can also buy one online or from a DIY store.
3Attach a pin to the hole with a waterproof sealant. Slide a metal washer onto the end of the pin screw, then mount a tight rubber washer over the screws to prevent leakage. Apply a thick layer of waterproof sealant to the rubber washer, insert the tap into the hole and let it dry for as long as indicated on the package.
- Once the sealant has dried, secure it to the inside of the barrel by sliding on another rubber washer and a metal washer.
- If you do not have a waterproof sealant, you can also use a water-tight Teflon tape.
4Cut a hole in the lid to collect the water from the channeling of your home. Use a utility knife to cut the hole in the collection and make it big enough to hold the flow of water from your downpipe. Position it near the side of the cover, following the curve, so that it can comfortably fit the wall of your home.
- Place the barrel under the downspout and make a mark on the lid for the location of the hole.
- Do not place it too close to the center of the lid; if your downspout is against the side of your house, there will not be enough space for you to place the hole directly underneath it.
5Create a second hole to free the overflow. If the barrel collects a lot of rain, it will need an overflow opening to release excess water. Using the drill or cutter, cut 1-2 smaller holes in the lid to accommodate this extra flow.
- If you want to collect the overflow water, build a second rain barrel. Run a short section of hose or PVC pipe from the second barrel to the overflow hole in the first barrel to allow the passage of extra water.
6Put the landscaping fabric on the top to keep out the parasites. Before attaching the garbage can lid, cut a large piece of landscaped fabric and place it on the entire opening. Cut it big enough that about 1 foot (30 cm) of cloth protrudes above the can. Then, apply the cover to secure it in place.
- The landscaping fabric consists of a thin net, which will allow the water to pass through mosquitoes and other pests.
- You can buy it online or in DIY stores.
7Place the barrel under the downspout to collect rainwater for a house or garden. Now that your rod is built, just put it under the channel to collect the water. To make it more convenient to use, create a small platform of bricks or another solid and durable material and place the barrel on top. This will give you more space to fill water cans or water pails.
- If you want to connect a pipe to the fitting, lifting a little bit will give you even more pressure.
- If you use water for gardening, you can pour it out of the tap as well as it is. If you plan to use it for cooking, drinking or cleaning, filter it first.
Collection of rainwater with a towel
1Choose a slightly raised collection site. Choose a relatively flat area that is slightly raised from the storage area. Also, you want the collection area to lean just toward the corner closest to the storage area, to ensure that water does not sit and stagnate during collection. It should run towards this lower corner, then down to your storage area.
Ensure the elevation
Run a string line from your collection site to the storage area and secure it with piles in the ground. Back up a few steps and make sure you see it tilted down.
Tip: If the collecting area does not naturally incline to an angle, work to lower it manually when you deselect it. There must be only a few inches of inclination to collect the water in one corner.
2Eliminate a large section of land on the highest elevation. When you free the area of any plant and brush, stack the extra dirt along the sides. This creates an edge of sunken edges that will help retain water. Make sure that the area is slightly inclined towards the corner closest to the slope downwards.
- Measure your towel before you start cleaning to make sure your area is big enough. Reduce it by about 15 cm less than the cloth on all sides so you can move it on the edges of the iron.
3Place a large cloth covering the entire area. Arrange the tarpaulin so that the edges overlap the edges of the collection area. If you can, try using a billboard sheet, which measures about 20 x 30 inches (51 cm × 76 cm), to collect as much rainwater as possible.
- You can use a towel of any size to collect rainwater, but the larger the surface, the more water you will collect.
4Place the rocks along the sheet to keep it in the wind. To ensure that your canvas stays in place, evenly place large rocks along its surface. You should also shovel several inches of dirt on the edges to prevent them from banging.
5Run an exhaust pipe from the lower corner of the sheet to the collecting tank. Drill a hole at the lower corner of the dustbag, large enough to fit the pipe opening, then seal it with a waterproof sealant. Run the pipe along the slope to the collecting tank. Use the corner tube attachments if it is necessary to raise the water in the tank; the pressure should be high enough to be pumped up on its own.
- For most storage, a large IBC bottle can be used. You can also use a normal rain barrel or even create your own from a trash can.
- Use the PVC exhaust pipe, which you can buy in a DIY store. You can place it on the ground or dig a slight depression around it to hold it in place.
6Collect water in a tarpaulin-covered hole for a cheaper option. If you do not want to buy a large storage tank, just dig a deep hole, at least 5-6 ft (150-180 cm), in the ground and cover with a cloth. Let the rainwater collect and extract it with a bucket, if necessary.
- If you use your water for gardening or other outdoor uses, you can leave it as it is. If you plan to use water for cooking, drinking or cleaning, filter first.
- The construction of this large-scale collection system will collect most of the water in the most efficient way. In a pinch, however, you can simplify the system by digging a large hole in the ground and aligning it with a cloth to catch the rain.
Looking for alternative collection systems
1Build a rainwater garden to redirect water for landscaping. A rainwater garden uses runoff water from roofs and gutters to grow vegetation and flowers while filtering harmful chemicals. You will need to clean up an area of your yard to create a deep depression 3-4 feet (91-122 cm) and long and wide as you have room! Then, use the piping to extend the channeling directly into the depression to provide water to the garden.
- You can then plant native plants, flowers or vegetables in your garden.
2Hang a rain chain from your gutter for a decorative option. A rain chain connects to the flow of water in your gutter, redirecting it down a series of copper or metal cups for a pleasant cascading effect. To use one, simply remove the gutter and fix the rain chain hook through the pipe. Place a rain barrel or another storage unit under the chain to collect the water.
3Collect rainwater in household items for an economical and convenient method. When all else fails, you can use everyday objects at home to collect rain. Although this will not work well for longer periods of time or for larger water needs, the use of household items can work in a pinch or in an emergency.
Collect water in:
An inflatable paddling pool
Cans for watering
Tip: Check out larger items such as children's pools and make sure they do not stay stagnant for too long and catch mosquitoes.
Consider the use of a landscape architecture company to install a collection and filtration system. If you are interested in a complete water collection and filtration system for your home, the simplest option would be to install it from a landscape architecture company. They will be able to ensure that the collection system functions without loss and that it is correctly filtered for your use.
Community questions and answers
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How can I make good use of rainwater?
You can use it to water the plants, keep it in a stray bird bowl, wash your car with it or take a bath to your pets, if you have any. These are just some of the things you can do with rainwater.
What is used to purify rainwater?
For non-alcoholic purposes, such as bathing or laundry, water flowing through coal and sand will clean it of most impurities. For drinking, further purification is needed through heating, chemistry, ozone or other methods in order to kill bacterial growth and pathogens.
How can I feed the collected water to get bored?
The water you collected from the attic or from the roof of the house is supplied to the large containers with a line of pipes and is connected to the hole.
How can I keep rainwater?
Use items such as watering cans, a children's pool and pots.
Can I use rainwater to water my garden?
Yes, you can use rainwater to water your garden. If you keep rainwater in a container, be sure to close the container so that the insects do not penetrate. If you want purity of water, you can boil it and let it cool before using it.
Can I keep rainwater in a plastic bottle to water the plants later?
What is the approximate cost of rainwater collection?
$ 20.00 average cost for a 55 gallon barrel + $ 10.00 per tap and 0.5 hours of your time.
I kept rainwater in my tank and in three days small insects appeared. How can I avoid this?
Keep it covered when not in use. Those small insects can very well be mosquitoes, which can cause various health problems. I suggest you get rid of that water and collect more, this time to keep it covered.
For how many days can I use stored rainwater?
It depends on whether you keep the water moving or stationary. Moving the water around will keep the water clean longer than a stationary storage unit.
What is drip irrigation?
Drip irrigation is a form of irrigation that saves water and fertilizers by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of many different plants, either on the surface of the soil or directly on the root area, through a network of valves, tubes, tubes and emitters.
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- You can use rainwater harvesting for gardening and landscaping.
- To use rainwater for cooking, drinking and domestic use, purchase and install a filter to run water.
- Make sure that water collection is legal in your area before starting to collect it.
Things you will need
Water collection of rain barrel
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