The New York Law requires that every student entering or attending a public, private or parish school receives a cocktail of immunization, although medical and religious exemptions are permitted.
Many Orthodox Jews believe that vaccination is contrary to Jewish or Talmudic law, which leads to low rates of vaccination in some communities, despite some rabbis who warn that it is a misguided belief with potentially serious consequences.
Kidney Williams offenders urged health officials in New York to issue a mandate on 9 April, requiring all people who live or work within ZIP codes 11205, 11206, 11211 and 11249 get MMR vaccine if they are not already.
Since Monday, there were at least 267 confirmed measles in Williamsburg in September – 39 of which were reported last week. Health workers in New York say that Jewish bullies and day care centers are particularly concerned.
At least one day center in Williamsburg was closed because the mandate came into force last week for failing to provide vaccination records for students and staff in the health department. More than 20 yeshiva and daily centers received citations due to a violation of the order.
In their lawsuit, their parents argue that the city's response to the outbreak of measles was "irrational" and did not pose a clear threat to public health.
One in two children out of every 1,000 people suffering from the disease die from it, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"We always strive to respect religious rights, religious customs, but when it comes to public health, when a problem arises, we must aggressively deal with it," New York Mayor Bill de Blasio (D) said last week. "We are absolutely certain that it is appropriate to use our emergency services."
Failure to comply with an order of 9 April is an offense that could result in various penalties, including punishment or imprisonment, officials warned.
In their lawsuit, parents of unpaid children say their mandate is causing "irreparable harm" and they complain that they are "treated as couples".
"Parents, whose religious beliefs are ignored, risk becoming criminals if they simply do nothing," he claims in the lawsuit. "Parents who know the health of their children better than anyone else are threatened by the kidnapping of children against their will."
The order issued by Health Care Commissioner in New York Oxiris Barbot remains in force at a meeting of the City Health Care Committee in New York scheduled for Wednesday when it will decide whether to resume or revoke its mandate.
Incidents of measles in the US are on the second highest level in the last 25 years, and the number is expected to increase, according to data released by CDC on Monday.
The virus is almost eliminated in the United States in 2000, but the CDC states that an increasing number of uninfected communities are causing the outbreak of the disease.