New requirements apply to all companies providing online services that can influence public opinion or "mobilize the public to engage in specific activities," a statement released on the Cyber Administration of China website earlier this month.
Companies will now have to start reporting to users who post blogs, microblogs, chat rooms, short video platforms, and web shows.
Referring to the need to preserve national security and social order, the Chinese regulator said companies should be able to validate user identities and keep records of key information such as call logs, chat logs, activity time, and network addresses.
officals will conduct business inspections of the company to ensure compliance. But Cyber Management it is unclear under what circumstances the company could be obliged to surrender the logs to the authorities.
Under their terms of service delivery, the WeChat and Weibo messaging and social media platforms are already required to hand over customer information to the Chinese government on demand.
Beijing has recently boosted the scrutiny of Internet companies.
But Google has explored ways of restoring its presence in the Chinese market. And Facebook recently told US lawmakers that although there are no current plans to enter China, any effort to do so takes into account the freedom of expression and privacy concerns.
Serenitie Wang and Steven Jiang contributed to this report.