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More than 111 years old, a scientist confused about the events in Tunguska




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The burned remains of Tungusko forests, a picture of Evgenija Krinova from 1929.

Evgenij Krinov

In the early morning of June 30, 1908, something exploded in the sky above Stony Tunguska the river in Siberia, & nbsp; leveling the estimated 80 million trees over 820 square miles. Many thousands of people in the 900-mile radius watched the event in Tunguski and later more than 700 accounts were collected. The reports describe a fireball in the sky, like the other sun, and a series of explosions "with terrible sound," followed by the treading of the ground as "the earth seemed wide open and would all fall into the abyss." Innocent Evenki and Yakuti believed that the god or shaman had sent a fireball to destroy the world. Different meteorological stations in Europe recorded seismic and atmospheric waves. A few days later, in the sky of Russia and Europe strange phenomena were observed, such as shiny clouds, colorful sunsets and low light in the night.

International newspapers speculate about a possible volcanic explosion. Unfortunately, the unavailability of the region and the unstable political situation in Russia at that time prevented further scientific research.

Thirteen years later, Russian mineralogist Leonid Alexejewitsch Kulik from the Russian Meteorological Institute was interested in the story after reading the newspaper article, claiming that the Transsibirne railway passengers had an impact, even touching the hot meteorite. Kulik organized an expedition and traveled to Kansk City, where he studied local history archive reports. From the distant Wanaware estate, the team drifted on the trackless track that followed the Tungus River. Then on April 13, Kulik discovered a large area covered with rotten. A massive explosion spanned more than 80 million trees to 820 square kilometers. Only in the epicenter of the explosion, in Tungus forestthere were still some dead and burned trees.

Despite the study of the entire area, no crater or meteorite material was discovered there. In the fall of 1927 Kulik's preliminary report was published in various national and international newspapers. Kulik suggested that an extraterrestrial asteroid exploded in the atmosphere that caused the explosion and destruction seen. The lack of any recognizable impact site is explained by swampy soil, too soft to preserve the crater. As a result, the event from 1907 became known as Tungus event.

Despite its fame in pop culture, the scientific data covering this event are rare. & Nbsp; There are some registrations of seismic and aerial waves, recorded immediately after the event, and the devastated forest was mapped some thirty years later. Based on the lack of solid data, such as craters or meteors, and conflicting reports, many theories have been suggested over a very different probability over the years.

Engineer and scholar Aleksander Kasantsews has developed an unusual explanation after Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He claimed that the nuclear explosion of a possible alien origin caused the event in Tunguski. In addition to the pattern of destruction, Kasantsews, the geomagnetic anomalies recorded at the Irkutsk station, were similar to nuclear explosion. American physicists in Nature in Nature in 1973 suggested that a small black hole collided with our planet, causing the explosion of matter-antimatter in the Earth's atmosphere.

In recent years, German astrophysicist Wolfgang Kundt and later Jason Phipps Morgan of Cornell University in Itaca and Paola Vannucchi of the University of Florence have proposed a terrestrial explanation of the Tungus explosion. Verneshots, named after author Jules Verneare the speculative reactions of the magma / gas that emanate from the underworld. According to this model, the magmatic invasion under Siberia has created a large bladder of volcanic gases, captured by the basal layers of Siberian traps. Finally, in June 1908, the rocks that were covered were broken down by compressed gases, and the cracking of methane caused a series of explosions as described in some reports. The chemical residues of this combustion scattered in the Earth's atmosphere caused glittering clouds all over the world. Gas bubbles have been observed in the Siberian lakes, but methane comes from a truncated organic material buried in the frozen soil of the Taj. Geologists who mapped this area have also found no traces of broken rocks or craters as suggested by Verneshost's hypothesis.

The accepted theory that explains the event in Tungus remains the cosmic body that enters the Earth's atmosphere. This idea is corroborated by reports describing a fireball that is dropping, the presence of minerals associated with influences such as nanodimulants, metallic and silicate beads in sediments, and mapped distribution and direction of flattened trees that show far from the site of explosion. The nature of this cosmic body remains unclear. Some claims that describe a series of explosions lasting more than ten minutes are difficult to explain with one single effect. Recycled geological evidence can also be explained by the deposition of cosmic dust in the background, as many small meteors break down daily in the Earth's atmosphere. 2007 Luca Gasperini and his research team at the University of Bologna He suggested that a small lake Cheko might have been created by the Tungus meteorite fragment. Lake Cheko is unusually deep for an area that is typically characterized by shallow ponds, caused by melting of permafrost. There is also no record of the lake that existed before 1908, but it is also true that the region was poorly mapped and explored at that time and not all scientists agree with this theory.

More than a hundred years after the event, only traces survive. Viewed from above, there is no evidence, since the trees have again colonized the destroyed area. There are only a few scales of trees killed in the event, mostly corrupted or buried in the swamp.

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The burned remains of Tungusko forests, a picture of Evgenija Krinova from 1929.

Evgenij Krinov

In the early morning of June 30, 1908, something exploded in the sky above Stony Tunguska river in Siberia, leveling the estimated 80 million trees over 820 square miles. Many thousands of people in the 900-mile radius watched the event in Tunguski and later more than 700 accounts were collected. The reports describe a fireball in the sky, like the other sun, and a series of explosions "with terrible sound," followed by the treading of the ground as "the earth seemed wide open and would all fall into the abyss." Innocent Evenki and Yakuti believed that the god or shaman had sent a fireball to destroy the world. Different meteorological stations in Europe recorded seismic and atmospheric waves. A few days later, in the sky of Russia and Europe strange phenomena were observed, such as shiny clouds, colorful sunsets and low light in the night.

International newspapers speculate about a possible volcanic explosion. Unfortunately, the unavailability of the region and the unstable political situation in Russia at that time prevented further scientific research.

Thirteen years later, Russian mineralogist Leonid Alexejewitsch Kulik of the Russian Meteorological Institute was interested in the story after reading the newspaper article, claiming that the Transsibirne railway passengers had an impact, even touching a still hot meteorite. Kulik organized an expedition and traveled to Kansk City, where he studied local history archive reports. From the distant Wanaware estate, the team drifted on the trackless track that followed the Tungus River. Then on April 13, Kulik discovered a large area covered with rotten. A massive explosion spanned more than 80 million trees to 820 square kilometers. Only in the epicenter of the explosion, in Tungus forestthere were still some dead and burned trees.

Despite the study of the entire area, no crater or meteorite material was discovered there. In the fall of 1927 Kulik's preliminary report was published in various national and international newspapers. Kulik suggested that an extraterrestrial asteroid exploded in the atmosphere that caused the explosion and destruction seen. The lack of any recognizable impact site is explained by swampy soil, too soft to preserve the crater. As a result, the event from 1907 became known as Tungus event.

Despite its fame in pop culture, the scientific data covering this event are rare. There are some registrations of seismic and aerial waves, recorded immediately after the event, and the devastated forest was mapped some thirty years later. Based on the lack of solid data, such as craters or meteors, and conflicting reports, many theories have been suggested over a very different probability over the years.

Engineer and scholar Aleksander Kasantsews has developed an unusual explanation after Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He claimed that the nuclear explosion of a possible alien origin caused the event in Tunguski. In addition to the pattern of destruction, Kasantsews, the geomagnetic anomalies recorded at the Irkutsk station, were similar to nuclear explosion. American physicists in Nature in Nature in 1973 suggested that a small black hole collided with our planet, causing the explosion of matter-antimatter in the Earth's atmosphere.

In recent years, German astrophysicist Wolfgang Kundt and later Jason Phipps Morgan of Cornell University in Itaca and Paola Vannucchi of the University of Florence have proposed a terrestrial explanation of the Tungus explosion. Verneshots, named after Jules Verne, are the speculative reactions of magma / gas that violently emerge from the underworld. According to this model, the magmatic invasion under Siberia has created a large bladder of volcanic gases, captured by the basal layers of Siberian traps. Finally, in June 1908, the rocks that were covered were broken down by compressed gases, and the cracking of methane caused a series of explosions as described in some reports. The chemical residues of this combustion scattered in the Earth's atmosphere caused glittering clouds all over the world. Gas bubbles have been observed in the Siberian lakes, but methane comes from a truncated organic material buried in the frozen soil of the Taj. Geologists who mapped this area have also found no traces of broken rocks or craters as suggested by Verneshost's hypothesis.

The accepted theory that explains the event in Tungus remains the cosmic body that enters the Earth's atmosphere. This idea is corroborated by reports describing a fireball that is dropping, the presence of minerals associated with influences such as nanodimulants, metallic and silicate beads in sediments, and mapped distribution and direction of flattened trees that show far from the site of explosion. The nature of this cosmic body remains unclear. Some claims that describe a series of explosions lasting more than ten minutes are difficult to explain with one single effect. Recycled geological evidence can also be explained by the deposition of cosmic dust in the background, as many small meteorites are disintegrated daily in the Earth's atmosphere. In 2007, Luca Gasperini and his research team at the University of Bologna suggested that little Lake Cheko might have been due to the impact of the Tungus meteorite fragment. Lake Cheko is unusually deep for an area that is typically characterized by shallow ponds, caused by melting of permafrost. There is also no record of the lake that existed before 1908, but it is also true that the region was poorly mapped and explored at that time and not all scientists agree with that theory.

More than a hundred years after the event, only traces survive. Viewed from above, there is no evidence, since the trees have again colonized the destroyed area. There are only a few scales of trees killed in the event, mostly corrupted or buried in the swamp.


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