November 30, 2018 GETTY IMAGES / ISTOCKPHOTO / KWANCHAICHAIUDOM
MADRID, November 30 (EUROPA PRESS) –
Dietary disorders (EDs) are present in 3-5 percent of adolescent populations or younger adults, according to medical director of Nuestra Señora de La Paz Hospitaller's San Juan de Dios clinic, Álvaro Pico,
The expert points out that, when talking about TCA, someone is trying to think of anorexia nervosa and, to a lesser extent, bulimia nervosa. "However, the most common disorder, although for which society is less concerned and excluded from diagnosis in psychiatric manuals, is obesity," he says.
Pico defines TAC as a "disorder that can affect people of both sexes (more often in women) of any age (though more likely in adolescence), which hinders the individual's relationship with eating and eating, as well as his relationship with the world in a broad psychosocial sphere appears at a psychological level, without medical problems being the original or sole reason for its development. "
Professionally he warns that "although the problem is facing food or weight changes, it goes far beyond the food problem, it is a psychological problem and as such it should be addressed in an integral way." "Food is neither, nor has it
if this is the only focus of attention, all the problems of the psychosocial sphere will be the goals of intervention, rather than favoring and helping to adapt to food and nutrition, "he adds.
Álvaro Pico reiterates that, if the seriousness to which it can be disrupted, the possibility of intervention and recovery of these patients (only about 10-20% of the cases tend to be chronic) is considered as a complex nature of the disease and can be solved in the first contacts (not problem of weight or trying to control it), "you can intervene earlier and more efficiently."
Although affecting people of any age, the occurrence of these disorders is more common during adolescence. Historically, nine of the 10 cases were reported to be women, but a progressive increase in male sex was noted. There is no direct relationship with the social context or the special level of study.
"We can not talk about certain specific causes, but about risk factors for their occurrence, such as biological (predisposition to the relatives of those affected), psychological (other mental disorders such as affective, personality, anxiety, impulse control and personality profile (family history), family factors (history of family mental disorders, and affective, as well as alcohol and other drugs). Behavior of food, obesity and various family problems: family defect, family affection, excessive protection with high demand), or stressful life events (history of abuse, physical or sexual crises, complicated duels), "he says.