Cardiovascular diseases are present in about 50% of adult Americans, according to updated American Heart Association (AHA) statistics.
Cardiovascular disease is currently the leading cause of death globally. Although deaths in the United States have declined steadily for decades, there is an increase of 840,678 deaths in 2016 compared with 836,546 in 2015. At a global level, cardiovascular deaths were lower in 2016 (17.6 million) than in the previous year (17.9 million).
However, the 2019 statistics show a significant increase in the incidence of cardiovascular deaths, with the main determinant being the definition of high blood pressure. In the guidelines for hypertension for 2017 issued by AHA and the American College of Cardiology, high blood pressure was defined as reading 130/80 mm Hg, which is contrary to the previous definition of 140/90 mm Hg.
Overall, coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and high blood pressure include cardiovascular disease, with a prevalence of 9% in adults in the US (24.3 million in 2016).
"As one of the most common and most dangerous risk factors for heart disease and stroke, this high presence of high blood pressure can not be discarded from the equation in our fight against cardiovascular disease," Dr. Ivor J. Benjamin, AHA volunteer and Cardiovascular Center Director at the Medical School in Wisconsin, Milwaukee, according to a recent statement. "Research has shown that removing high blood pressure can have a greater impact on mortality than cardiovascular disease than eliminating all other risk factors among women and everyone except smoking among men."
By controlling elevated blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol in combination with adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as smoking, about 80% of all cardiovascular diseases can be prevented, according to previous research. Consuming a healthy diet, taking physical activity and maintaining healthy weight are healthy behavioral styles that can potentially have the greatest impact because they affect multiple conditions.
Falling smoking rates contain some of the most significant improvements. Between 2015 and 2016, 94% of children between the ages of 12 and 19 were non-smokers, an improvement of nearly 20 percentage points from the transition of the millennium (from 76% between 1999 and 2000). In just 14 years, the percentage of teenagers aged 12-17 who reported smoking in the previous month also dropped by two thirds, down from 13% in 2002 to 3.4% in 2016.
In addition, adult non-smokers make up 79% of the population in the period from 2015 to 2016, an increase of 73% in 1999 to 2000.
The number of adults smoking has also been anxious over the last 50 years, with the number of adults smoking from 51% of men in 1965 to 16.7% in 2015 and 34% of women in 1965 to 13.6% in 2015 (rates custom ages).
In addition to smoking, more young Americans are also exercising. Three or more days a week, more than 50% of students report participation in muscle strengthening activities, which is from 47.8% in 1991 to 53.4% in 2015. However, adult adult activity in the US decreased by more than a third (from 40.2% in 2005 to 26.9% in 2016).
Since the prevalence of obesity was 39.6% of adults in the US and 18.5% of the youth from 2015 to 2016, exercise is not enough. Of these statistics for 2015-2016, 7.7% of adults and 5.6% of young people had severe obesity.
However, recent data also emphasize the importance of sleep. Seven or more hours of sleep per night are recommended by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society to promote optimal health.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 65.2% of people in the US regularly sleep 7 or more hours at night. Too much or too little sleep (more than 8 hours or less than 7 hours per night) was also associated with a greater risk of death than all the causes of aetiology 43 research.
"We make so much effort in our update each year, because we believe in the transformative power of continuous and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of these important data," said Mariell Jessup, chief science and medical service. "They keep us accountable and help us to identify our progress and determine whether and how we should adapt our efforts."