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NASA's mission mapped "lightweight outfits" giant new black holes



NASA discovered a stunning insight into what is happening when a black hole takes a nearby star.

NASA used an instrument mounted at the International Space Station to detect X-rays from the newly discovered black hole MAXI J1820 + 070 (shortened to J1820).

They had enough luck to study the black hole while consuming the material from the star.

The resulting x-ray waves have created "light-emitting" & # 39; which reflected from the swirling gas near the black holes and discovered changes in size and shape of the environment.

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An artist's impression of the event: X-ray waves formed "light-emitting" & # 39; which reflected from the swirling gas near the black holes and discovered changes in size and shape of the environment.

An artist's impression of the event: X-ray waves formed "light-emitting" & # 39; which reflected from the swirling gas near the black holes and discovered changes in size and shape of the environment.

An artist's impression of the event: X-ray waves formed "light-emitting" & # 39; which reflected from the swirling gas near the black holes and discovered changes in size and shape of the environment.

MAXI CRNA RUPA

The J1820 is located at a distance of about 10,000 light years to the Lava constellation.

Astronomers were not aware of the presence of the black horn until March 11, 2018, when a space recorder (MAXI) was spotted at the aerodrome.

The J1820 went from a completely unknown black holes to one of the brightest sources in the X-ray sky for several days.

Scientists have noted the environment surrounding a black hole in a stellar mass that is 10 times larger than the mass of the Sun using NASA's Neutron Star Intelligence Composition Explorer (NICER) at the International Space Station.

NICER discovered the X-ray light from a recently discovered black hole, called MAXI J1820 + 070 (shortened J1820), because it consumed the companion star material.

Researchers will give astronomers new insights into the inner action of the black hole.

"The NICER has allowed us to measure lighted clothing closer to the starry black hole than ever before," said Erin Kara, an astrophysicist from Maryland University, College Park, and NASA's Greenbelt Center for Aerospace in Maryland. found at the 233rd American Astronomical Society meeting in Seattle.

Previously, these light bulbs from the inner disk of acrection were only seen in supermassive black holes, which are millions to billions of solar masses and are slowly changing.

"Stellar black holes like the J1820 have much lower masses and evolve much faster so we can see the changes that are taking place in human time scales."

The work featured under Kare's headlines appeared in Nature's January 10, and is available on the Internet.

The J1820 is located at a distance of about 10,000 light years to the Lava constellation.

The tracking star in the system was identified in a survey conducted by the ESA mission Gaia (European Space Agency), which allowed researchers to estimate its distance.

Astronomers were not aware of the presence of the black horn until March 11, 2018, when a space recorder (MAXI) was spotted at the aerodrome.

The J1820 went from a completely unknown black holes to one of the brightest sources in the X-ray sky for several days.

NICER was quick to catch this dramatic transition and continues to follow a faint rep of eruptions.

Astronomers were not aware of the presence of the black hole until March 11, 2018, when the Aerospace Exploration Agency (pictured) was detected in the Air Force Surveillance Agency (MAXI).

Astronomers were not aware of the presence of the black hole until March 11, 2018, when the Aerospace Exploration Agency (pictured) was detected in the Air Force Surveillance Agency (MAXI).

Astronomers were not aware of the presence of the black hole until March 11, 2018, when the Aerospace Exploration Agency (pictured) was detected in the Air Force Surveillance Agency (MAXI).

The black hole can siphon the gas from the nearby companion star to the ring of material called the acrylic disc.

Gravitational and magnetic forces heat the disc in millions of degrees, making it hot enough to produce X-rays on the inner parts of the disc, near the black holes.

Exposures occur when the instability on the disc causes the gas to move inward, towards the black hole, like the avalanche.

Causes of disk instability are poorly understood.

Above the disc there is a crown, an area of ​​subatomic particles of about 1 billion degrees Celsius (1.8 billion degrees Celsius) that radiates more energy in the X-rays.

Many origins remain on the origins and evolution of the crown.

The black hole can siphon the gas from the nearby companion star to the ring of material called the acrylic disc.

The black hole can siphon the gas from the nearby companion star to the ring of material called the acrylic disc.

The black hole can siphon the gas from the nearby companion star to the ring of material called the acrylic disc.

Some theories suggest that the structure may be the early form of high-speed jet particles that these systems often emit.

Astrophysicists want to better understand how the inner edge of the acrylic disk and the crown above it change in size and shape as the black hole creates the material of its star.

If I can understand why and why these changes occur in black holes of mass stars over a period of weeks, scientists could see how super-massive black holes develop over millions of years and how they affect the galaxies they live in.

New observations also give scientists new insight into how the material opens in the black hole and how energy is released in the process.

"The NICER Observations J1820 have taught us something new about star mass black holes and how we can use them as analogues to study the super-massive black holes and their effects on the formation of the galaxy," said co-author Philip Uttley, astrophysicist at the University of Amsterdam.

"We've seen four similar events in the first year of NICER, and that's remarkable. I feel like we're on the verge of tremendous progress in X-ray astronomy.


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