As World Day marks the Day of Sugar Wednesday, readers are advised to eat healthy, consuming more fresh fruits and vegetables.
You should also try to avoid / reduce fatty foods and exercise at least 30 minutes a day. Going through routine health check-ups is another important factor.
Doctors describe diabetes as a chronic, non-contagious disease where there is a permanent rise in blood sugar, hyperglycemia. Diabetes occurs or when the pancreas, the organ in the body, does not produce enough insulin, leading to type 1 diabetes or when the body can not effectively use insulin, leading to Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Akinyinka's Module, Senior Lecturer and General Health Care Physician at the Ministry of Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University of Medicine (LASUCOM), described insulin as a hormone regulating blood sugar.
"Hyperglycemia or elevated blood sugar is the common effect of uncontrolled diabetes, which over time leads to serious damage to many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels," she said.
Akinyinka explained that the government can help prevent diabetes by encouraging citizens to eat and exercise through public health campaigns, enabling the environment, such as side walks and cycling trails, so people can exercise more, raise tobacco taxes and spend "no smoking in public "laws.
"Causes of type 1 diabetes are not clear, but risk factors for type 2 include excess body weight, obesity and physical inactivity, lack of exercise." Diabetes can also occur in pregnancy, which is known as gestational diabetes.
"Symptoms of diabetes include excessive secretion of urine (polyuria), thirst, polidipsy, permanent hunger, weight loss, vision changes and fatigue.
"Type 1 diabetes is more common in younger adults, while type 2, which was sometimes more common in adults, is becoming more common among younger people due to their lifestyle. Women may have more risk factors, such as obesity, but the prevalence of diabetes in both sex varies in different populations.
"Prevention of diabetes involves achieving and maintaining healthy weight. More activities are needed to control body weight as well as tobacco use.
Family Physician Dr. Chukwuma Ogunbor explained that diabetes mellitus can be classified into four major cause-based groups.
He said, "For example, type 1 diabetes is the result of an immune system that usually needs to protect the body from harm, attacking the pancreas, an insulin-producing body, leading to an absolute lack of insulin that prevents the intake and proper use of blood glucose commonly seen in children, adolescents and young people, has a strong genetic predisposition that makes about 10% of patients with diabetes.
"The second group is type 2 diabetes. This is a disorder that is deeply influenced by the lifestyle of many members of modern societies so far that it has reached epidemic proportions.
"It is predisposed to a condition known as insulin resistance, impaired insulin activity, meaning that available insulin does not function properly to eliminate blood glucose and makes 90 percent of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus can be a result of pancreatic disease, such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and tumors. Such drugs as antihypertensive, beta-blockers, thiazides, steroids, anticonvulsants hinetoin, immunosuppressants, agents and antipsychotics may also be induced.
"The third group is gestational diabetes mellitus, which develops during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how cells use glucose in sugar. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect pregnancy and baby health.
"However, this can be controlled by eating healthy food, exercise, and, if necessary, taking medicines prescribed by your doctor. Blood sugar control can prevent a hard birth and keep the patient and baby healthy.
"Blood sugar usually returns to normal shortly after delivery. If a patient has history of gestational diabetes, they are at risk of type 2 diabetes.
"The fourth group is uncontrolled blood sugar in people with heart failure that can cause heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease, eye damage, erectile dysfunction, tonsillitis and lumbar dilation, stroke and predisposition to develop infections and leg ulcers can cure or progress to a point where amputation can be considered. "